Muslim marriages are those marriages that have been contracted between a male and a female who are both muslims and from same or different races and ages. It also has to be witnessed by either a male and two females or by two males. The muslim marriage is usually solemnized by a muslim male, who may or may not fully understand the muslim law. This person does not even have to understand the Islamic format of conducting marriages neither is it a requirement that they are graduates from any Islamic institute.
What are some of the requirements for an Islamic marital contract? One of the most important requirements is the availability of the witnesses. These are supposed to be either a male and two females or two males. Incase these witnesses are not available, and then the marriage will not take place. The person conducting the marriage cannot act as a witness in case the witnesses are not enough. This is because of the Athar of Ibn Abbaas. When the marriage is taking place, which usually takes place at the Masjid, a person is usually taken to represent the female spouse. This is because the female spouse is left at another place. Two other people are also taken to act as witnesses to that presentation. Therefore in such a case, the minimum requirement is a representative of the female spouse, two witnesses to the presentation and other witnesses to the solemnization of the marriage. The requirement of the two witnesses to the presentation is referred to as Hanafi ruling.
The Islam law allows up to four female spouses for any male. Whether it is the first or after another marriage for the male, it is supposed to be recognized within the plural marriage limitation to conform to the Islamic law. This means that bigamy and polygamy is allowed in the Islamic law. The Islamic marriage is usually considered valid under any circumstances. This does not matter whether it is recorded under any format or stored in any form. However, there is usually a need for written records with information such as the essential personal identification. This is needed mostly to make sure that the obligations and the marital rights of the spouses are well protected.
A mazhab also needs to be specified within the marital contract. This is essential due to differences between the jurists on matters involving things such as maintenance, divorce and other issues. If this is not specified, it might lead to uncertainties regarding the school of jurisprudence. The presence of a mazhab specification is therefore legal, but its absence is not strong enough to deny an Islamic marriage from taking place.
Finally, a person who is converted to Islam is considered a Muslim immediately without having to wait for any time or period. However, such a person should understand the Islamic teachings and accept the teachings of the Quran. This person is entitled to marriage, following all the Islamic marriage rules just like any other Muslim. Muslim marriage is considered one of the strongest in the world in terms of following the set rules and teachings of the marriages.